When talking about mushrooms, most of us think about the part of the fungus we can see, like the famous red, white-dotted toadstool. The truth is that there is much more to the fungus, most of which is underground. An entire network of hyphae hides underneath the surface. If you see the entire fungus like a plant, the mushroom on the top is the flower and the mycelium is the root system.
You may be familiar with the term ‘spores’, the unicellular organisms responsible for the reproduction of the mushroom. When these spores spread and come across other compatible spores, fungal filaments known as hyphae are grown from the spores, creating fertile mycelium. Through the mycelium, the fungus absorbs nutrients from its surroundings.